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Table 1 Patients’ profiles

From: Coronary flow reserve in patients with left anterior descending artery-left internal mammary artery long patch plasty anastomosis: a prospective study

Patient (n = 41) (%)
Age 45–73 years (mean, 58.56 ± 9.40 years)
Gender   
Male 35 85.4
Female 6 14.6
Familial CAD history 18 43.9
Hypertension 37 90.2
Diabetes mellitus 18 43.9
Obesity 29 70.7
Dyslipidemia 33 80.5
Smoking 27 65.9
Hyperuricemia 0 0
β-Blocker usage 35 85.4
Statin usage 13 31.7
Stable angina Pectoris 6 14.6
Unstable angina Pectoris 26 63.4
Acute myocardial infarction 9 22
PAD 3 7.3
COPD 13 31.7
NYHA CLASS I 2 4.9
NYHA CLASS II 30 73.2
NYHA CLASS III 9 22
CAG (diseased vessels)   
LMCA 4 9.8
LMCA + 3 vessels 2 4.9
3 vessels 22 53.9
2 vessels 16 39.2
1 vessel 0 0
Microvascular area disease 1 2.45
LVEF (%)   
Low (<30%) 0 0
Intermediate (30–45%) 7 17.1
High (>45%) 34 82.9
Diastolic dysfunction   
Grade 1 8 19.5
Grade 2 33 80.5
  1. CAD: Coronary artery disease, PAD: Periferic arterial disease, COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, NYHA: New York Heart Association, LMCA: Left main coronary artery, LVEF: Left ventricular ejection fraction.