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Table 2 Incidence of postoperative complications in ESCC patients treated by the left or right transthoracic approach

From: Right versus left transthoracic approach for lymph node-negative esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

Complication Left approach group [number(%)] Right approach group [number(%)] P
Anastomotic fistula 10 (1.8) 18 (12.0) <0.001
Anastomotic stenosis 14 (2.6) 7 (4.7) 0.155
Incision site infection 2 (0.4) 8 (5.3) <0.001
Injury of recurrent laryngeal nerves 4 (0.7) 4 (2.7) 0.075
Chylothorax 3 (0.6) 2 (1.3) 0.303
Pneumothorax 12 (2.2) 3 (2.0) 0.574
Complication of respiratory tract 7 (1.3) 6 (4.0) 0.044
Complication of cardiovascular system 5 (0.9) 2 (1.3) 0.477