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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study patients

From: Radial artery vs saphenous vein graft used as the second conduit for surgical myocardial revascularization: long-term clinical follow-up

  LITA/RA/SVG LITA/SVG P value
Male/female ratio 73/27 73/27 1.0
Mean age (years) 56.3 ± 6.1 57.1 ± 6.5 0.29
Risk factors and comorbidities    
 Diabetes 39 % 43 % 0.56
 Smoking 67 % 65 % 0.76
 Dyslipidemia 75 % 74 % 0.87
 Hypertension 92 % 89 % 0.47
 PAD 12 % 14 % 0.67
 Previous stroke 3 % 2 % 0.65
 COPD 9 % 8 % 0.80
 Previous MI 57 % 56 % 0.85
Number of diseased vessels 3.08 ± 0.66 3.14 ± 0.66 0.52
Mean LVEF 48.8 ± 10.7 % 48.0 ± 10.8 % 0.60
Coronary artery disease:    
 Left main stenosis 26 24 0.74
 Double vessel disease 17 16 0.92
 Triple vessel disease 83 83 1.0
  1. Abbreviations: COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, LITA left internal thoracic artery, MI myocardial infarctin, PAD peripheral artery disease, RA radial artery, SVG saphenous vein graft