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Table 1 Patient characteristics at baseline

From: Mid-term results of 150 TAVI comparing apical versus femoral approaches

Characteristics All patients (n = 150) Transfemoral approach (n = 78) Transapical approach (n = 72) p
Male gender 68 (45.3 %) 35 (44.9 %) 33 (45.8 %) NS
Age (years) 82.6 +/− 6.9 83.5 +/− 6.7 81.7 +/− 7.0 NS
BMI 25.4 +/− 4.1 24.9 +/− 4,2 24.9 +/− 4.1 NS
Coronary artery disease 70 (46.6 %) 32 (41.0 %) 38 (52.8 %) NS
PCI 43 (28.7 %) 21 (27.0 %) 22 (30.6 %) NS
Previous myocardial infarction 16 (10.7 %) 7 (9.0 %) 9 (12.5 %) NS
Previous cardiac surgery 31 (20.7 %) 12 (15.4 %) 19 (26.4 %) 0.096
CABG 28 (18.7 %) 10 (12.8 %) 18 (25.0 %) 0.056
Mitral mechanical prosthesis 1 (0.7 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (1.4 %) NS
Aortic bioprosthesis 2 (1.3 %) 2 (2.6 %) 0 (0 %) NS
Aortic balloon valvuloplasty 3 (2 %) 1 (1.3 %) 2 (2.8 %) NS
Hypertension 89 (59.3 %) 47 (60.3 %) 42 (58.4 %) NS
Diabetes 42 (28 %) 24 (30.8 %) 18 (25.0 %) NS
Smoking 46 (30.6 %) 17 (21.8 %) 29 (40.3 %) 0.014
Plasma creatinine (μmol/L) 113.5 +/−115.2 113.4+/−127.6 114.0 +/−101.2 NS
Renal dialysis 3 (2 %) 2 (2.6 %) 1 (1.4 %) NS
COPD 24 (16 %) 8 (10.3 %) 16 (22.2 %) 0.046
Peripheral vascular disease 25 (16.6 %) 11 (14.1 %) 14 (19.4 %) NS
Cerebrovascular disease 20 (13.3 %) 12 (15.4 %) 8 (11.1 %) NS
Euroscore 21.67 +/− 11.3 20.5 +/− 10.4 22.9 +/− 12.1 NS
STS 9.65 +/− 5.95 8.8 +/− 4.5 10.3 +/− 7.0 NS
Acute pulmonary edema 21 (14 %) 6 (7.7 %) 15 (20.8 %) 0.020
Heart failure 39 (26 %) 15 (19.2 %) 24 (33.3 %) 0.049
Syncope 6 (4 %) 3 (3.8 %) 3 (41.7 %) NS
Angor pectoris 11 (7.4 %) 7 (9.0 %) 4 (5.6 %) NS