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Table 2 Echocardiographic characteristics at baseline

From: Mid-term results of 150 TAVI comparing apical versus femoral approaches

Echocardiographic characteristics All patients (n = 150) Transfemoral approach (n = 78) Transapical approach (n = 72) p
Mean gradient (mmHg) 52.8 +/− 11.5 52.8 +/− 11.2 52.8 +/− 11.8 0.626
Maximal gradient (mmHg) 83.7 +/− 16.1 85.2 +/− 15.7 82.2 +/− 16.5 0.064
Vmax (m/s) 4.3 +/− 0.8 4.6 +/− 0.7 4.7 +/− 0.7 0.678
Aortic area (cm2) 0.6 +/− 0.2 0.6 +/− 0.1 0.6 +/− 0.2 0.778
LVEF (%) 52.8 +/− 12.5 51.3 +/− 13.1 54.5 +/− 11.7 0.140
Diastolic function E/E’ 11.4 +/− 4.2 12.0 +/− 4.7 10.9 +/− 3.5 0.115
Aortic annulus diameter (mm) 22.4 +/− 2.7 22.1 +/− 3.1 22.8 +/− 2.2 0.089
IVS (mm) 12.4+/− 3.0 12.6 +/− 2.4 12.7 +/− 2.3 0.936
Aortic regurgitation 74 (49.3 %) 36 (46.2 %) 38 (52.8 %) 0.137
Grade 1 38 (26 %) 22 (28.2 %) 17 (23.6 %) NS
Grade 2 34 (22 %) 12 (15.3 %) 21 (29.2 %) NS
Grade 3 2 (1.3 %) 2 (2.6 %) 0 (%) NS
Mitral regurgitation 63 (42 %) 27 (34.6 %) 36 (50.0 %) 0.128
Grade 1 29 (19.3 %) 12 (15.4 %) 17 (23.6 %) NS
Grade 2 31 (20.7 %) 15 (19.2 %) 16 (22.2 %) NS
Grade 3 3 (2 %) 0 (0 %) 3 (4.2 %) NS
PASP (mmHg) 46.3 +/− 12.6 47.6 +/− 13.0 44.7 +/− 12.0 0.147
TAPSE (mm) 15 +/− 3 14.6 +/− 3.2 15.8 +/− 2.8 0.013
Bicuspid aortic valve 1 (0.7 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (1.4 %) NS
  1. IVS interventricular septum, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure, TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion