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Table 3 Intraoperative and early postoperative data

From: Early and mid-term outcome in terms of functional and hemodynamic performance of the st. Jude regent 19-mm aortic mechanical prosthesis versus 19-mm carpentier edwards aortic biological prosthesis

Variables Group I (%) Group II (%) p-value
Mean cardiopulmonary bypass time (minutes) 104 ± 41 98 ± 53 0.34
Mean aortic cross-clamping time (minutes) 82 ± 32 78 ± 37 0.41
Annulus enlargement 36 (13.6 %) 4 (6.9 %) 0.24
Mitral valve replacement 31 (11.7 %) 4 (6.9 %) 0.41
Coronary artery bypass grafting 37 (14 %) 7 (12 %) 0.87
 Total grafts 66 (25 %) 12 (20.7 %)  
Associated carotid endarterectomy 4 (1.5 %) 0 0.78
Tricuspid valve repair 8 (3 %) 4 (6.9 %) 0.30
Postoperative outcome
Mean mechanical ventilation (hours) 9.8 ± 9.5 12.3 ± 14 0.10
Mean Intensive Care Unit stay (days) 3 ± 6.4 2.7 ± 2.6 0.73
Readmitted in Intensive Care Unit 8 (3 %) 3 (5.2 %) 0.68
Postoperative complications 52 (19.6 %) 14 (24 %) 0.55
Low cardiac output 39 (14.7 %) 9 (15.5 %) 0.96
Myocardial infarction 10 (3.8 %) 2 (3.5 %) 0.79
Ventricular arrhythmias 27 (10 %) 5 (8.6 %) 0.91
Heart Block 4 (1.5 %) 1 (1.7 %) 0.64
Reoperation for bleeding 15 (5.7 %) 3 (5.2 %) 0.87
Blood used 126 (47.6 %) 30 (52 %) 0.67
Pulmonary complications 17 (6.4 %) 5(8.6 %) 0.75
 ARDS 3 (1.1 %) 1 (1.7 %) 0.78
 Pneumonia 9 (3.4 %) 2 (3.5 %) 0.71
Reintubation 12 (4.5 %) 3 (5.2 %) 0.90
Neurological complications 9 (3.4 %) 0.33  
Stroke 2 (0.75 %) 0 0.80
Infectious complications 14 (5.3 %) 4 (6.9 %) 0.87
 Septicemia 5 (2 %) 1 (1.7 %) 0.65
 Deep sternal wound infection 4 (1.5 %) 2 (3.5 %) 0.64
 Superficial sternal wound infection 5 (2 %) 1 (1.7 %) 0.65
Renal complications 19 (7.2 %) 9 (15.5 %) 0.08
Hemodialysis 7 (2.6 %) 3 (5.2 %) 0.56
Multi organ failure 5 (2 %) 1 (1.7 %) 0.65
Coagulopathy 5 (2 %) 1 (1.7 %) 0.65
Hospital death 14 (5.3 %) 4 (6.9 %) 0.87
 Hospital death in reoperated patients 6 (2.3 %) 2 (3.5 %) 0.22
Causes of hospital death    
 Cardiac 8 (3 %) 3 (5.2 %) 1.0
 Septicemia 1 (0.4 %) 0 1.0
 Intestinal infarction 1 (0.4 %) 0 1.0
 Multi organ failure 3 (1.1 %) 1 (1.7 %) 1.0
 Aortic dissection 1(0.4 %) 0 1.0