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Table 1 Baseline data of patients before treatment

From: Management of patients with flail chest by surgical fixation using claw-type titanium plate

  Surgical fixation group (n = 23) Conservative treatment group (n = 29) P-value
Gender (male/female) 21/8 16/7 >0.5
Age (years) 57.8 ± 12.0 59.5 ± 9.9 >0.10
Mean number of rib fracture (n) 7.8 ± 1.5 7.4 ± 1.7 >0.10
Grade of lung contusion 1.24 1.21 >0.5
Type of flail segment    
 Anterolateral flail segment (n) 7 10  
 Posterolateral flail segment(n) 16 19  
Causes    
 car accident 17 21 1.000
 Fall injury 4 5
 crush injury 2 2
 Blow injury 0 1
Type of rib fracture    
 bilateral 2 3 1.000
 Unilateral 21 26
Combined injury    
 Spleen rupture 1 2 1.000
 subarachnoid hemorrhage 1 0 0.442
 Pneumothorax 12 16 0.829
 Pulmonary laceration 3 0 0.160
 Sternal fracture 1 0 0.442
 Limb fracture 9 6 0.145
 Pelvic fracture 3 5 0.976
 Clavicle fracture 7 8 0.822
 Myocardial injury 2 0 0.191
 Mediastinal emphysema 1 2 1.000
 Shock 2 3 1.000
 Tracheal rupture 0 1 1.000