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Table 3 Post-operative echocardiographic findings

From: Midterm results of mitral valve repair with lifting annuloplasty strip for acute phase infective endocarditis

  Pre-operative Post-operative
Immediately after P value* Last follow-up P value*
Follow-up duration   7.4 ± 2.4 days   30 ± 22 months  
MR ERO (cm2) 0.59 ± 0.30     
MR grade 3.68 ± 0.50 0.1 ± 0.2 <0.001 0.37 ± 0.22 <0.001
0 ~ I 0 27   26  
II 1 0   0  
III 4 0   0  
IV 22 0   0  
MVA, 2D (cm2)     2.27 ± 0.48  
LV EF (%) 64.4 ± 9.6 54.5 ± 9.8* 0.002 65.2 ± 6.1** 1.000
LV EDD (mm) 57.2 ± 6.3 45.4 ± 6.2* <0.001 44.8 ± 4.1* <0.001
LV ESD (mm) 35.7 ± 6.7 32.5 ± 6.3* 0.046 28.3 ± 2.9*** <0.001
LAD (mm) 46.5 ± 6.0 35.4 ± 6.3* <0.001 36.6 ± 6.8* <0.001
PASP (mmHg) 37.5 ± 14.2 24.5 ± 6.6* <0.001 26.7 ± 5.0* 0.012
  1. MR mitral regurgitation, ERO effective regurgitant orifice, MVA mitral valve area, 2D two-dimensional, LV left ventricular, EF ejection fraction, EDD end-diastolic dimension, ESD end-systolic dimension, LAD left atrial dimension, PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure estimated by tricuspid regurgitation peak velocity with right atrial pressure
  2. *compared with preoperative
  3. **P < 0.01, immediate after versus last follow-up