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Table 1 Summary of baseline and preoperative characteristics for 609 patients undergoing standard median sternotomya

From: Reduction in deep sternal wound infection with use of a peristernal cable-tie closure system: a retrospective case series

  Total population (N = 609) Standard wire suture (N = 309) Cable-tie closure (N = 300) p value
Age, y 64.8 ± 11.4 64.3 ± 10.8 65.3 ± 11.9 0.275
BMI, kg/m2 30.4 ± 7.2 30.2 ± 6.6 30.5 ± 7.7 0.608
Sex, male 385 (63.2) 205 (66.3) 180 (60.0) 0.105
Risk factors
Diabetes 228 (37.4) 107 (34.6) 121 (40.3) 0.146
COPD 118 (19.4) 49 (15.9) 69 (23.0) 0.026*
HTN 505 (82.9) 253 (81.9) 252 (84.0) 0.486
Smoking history 326 (53.5) 162 (52.4) 164 (54.7) 0.580
CHF 162 (26.6) 61 (19.7) 101 (33.7) <0.001*
PVD 92 (15.1) 34 (11.0) 58 (19.3) 0.004*
Endocarditis 8 (1.3) 2 (0.6) 6 (2.0) 0.171
Renal disease 95 (15.6) 44 (14.2) 51 (17.0) 0.348
Osteoporosis 4 (0.7) 2 (0.6) 2 (0.7) 1.000
Resternotomy 80 (13.1) 33 (10.7) 47 (15.7) 0.069
  1. aData are presented as mean ± standard deviation or n (%) unless otherwise noted. Asterisks (*) indicate statistically significant differences. BMI, body mass index; CHF, heart failure; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass; HTN, hypertension; PVD, peripheral vascular disease.