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Table 2 Intraoperative variables for 609 patients undergoing standard median sternotomya

From: Reduction in deep sternal wound infection with use of a peristernal cable-tie closure system: a retrospective case series

  Total population (N = 609) Standard wire suture (N = 309) Cable-tie closure (N = 300) p value
Urgency     <0.001*
Elective 481 (79.0) 220 (71.2) 261 (87.0)  
Urgent 11 (1.8) 10 (3.2) 1 (0.3)  
Emergent 117 (19.2) 79 (25.6) 38 (12.7)  
CPB time, min 70.1 (37.3) 69.6 (38.5) 70.7 (36.1) 0.719
Operative time, min 226.8 (56.6) 224.2 (56.3) 229.4 (56.8) 0.258
Tracheostomy 10 (1.6) 3 (1.0) 7 (2.3) 0.217
  1. aData are presented as mean ± standard deviation or n (%) unless otherwise noted. CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass; LAA, left atrial appendage.