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Table 3 Secondary outcomes and adverse events in 609 patients after sternal closure with standard wire suture or cable-tie systema

From: Reduction in deep sternal wound infection with use of a peristernal cable-tie closure system: a retrospective case series

  Total population (N = 609) Standard wire suture (N = 309) Cable-tie closure (N = 300) p value
Sternal dehiscence 8 (1.3) 7 (2.3) 1 (0.3) 0.069
Return to operating room 71 (11.7) 41 (13.3) 30 (10.0) 0.209
Re-exploration for bleeding 26 (4.3) 13 (4.2) 13 (4.3) 0.939
Rewiring 14 (2.3) 9 (2.9) 5 (1.7) 0.305
Perioperative MI 2 (0.3) 2 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 0.499
Postoperative blood loss, first 18 hours, L 0.77 (0–7.6) 0.76 (80–7.3) 0.81 (0–7.6) 0.776
Superficial sternal wound infection 17 (2.8) 12 (3.9) 5 (1.7) 0.097
Ventilation time, days 1 (0–70) 1 (0–30) 1 (0–70) 0.060
Length of ICU stay, days 2 (0–57) 2 (0–39) 3 (0–57) <0.001*
Length of hospital stay, days 8 (1–73) 8 (1–54) 8 (3–73) 0.050*
  1. aData are presented as n (%) or median (min - max) unless otherwise noted. Asterisks (*) indicate statistically significant differences. ICU, intensive care unit; MI, myocardial infarction