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Table 2 Most common operative procedures performed after sternotomy

From: Effect analysis of repeat sternotomy in pediatric cardiac operations

Procedure RS (n = 195) PS (n = 250)
Biventricular repair for cyanotic congenital heart diseasea 62 (31.8 %) 45 (18.0 %)
Fontan procedure 57 (29.2 %) 5 (2.0 %)
Valve operationb 19 (9.7 %) 18 (7.2 %)
Switchc 15 (7.7 %) 9 (3.6 %)
Glenns 8 (4.1 %) 10 (4.0 %)
Left-to-right shuntd 7 (3.6 %) 122 (48.8 %)
Miscellaneous 27 (13.8 %) 41 (16.4 %)
  1. aincluding tetralogy of Fallot, double outlet right ventricle and pulmonary artery atresia
  2. bincluding valve repair and replacement, conduit replacement
  3. cincluding arterial switch, double root translocation, and double switch surgery
  4. dincluding atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, partial endocardial cushion defect, partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage