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Table 2 Detailed postoperative course of group S (successful fast-track protocol) and group F (fast track protocol failure)

From: Successful fast track protocol implementation for patients undergoing transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation

  Group S (n = 172) Group F (n = 35)  
  No. % No. %  
Variables      p
Fluoroscopy time (min) 4.7 ± 2.5 12.9 ± 1.4 0.04
Ventilation time (h) 4.6 ± 1.0 58 ± 15 0.04
Postoperative complications
 - PM-Implantation 9 5 0 0 0.001
 - Early-PND 2 1 1 3 0.13
 - Major bleeding requiring revision 3 2 10 29 0.02
 - Gastrointestinal complications requiring endoscopic intervention 1 1 5 14 0.07
 - Acute kidney injury requiring dialysis 12 7 9 26 0.03
Early outcome
 30-day Mortality 3 2 14 40 0.001
  Sepsis/MOV 1 1 10 29  
  Mesenteric ischemia 1 1 2 6  
  Arryythmia 0 0 1 3  
  Unknown 1 1 1 3  
Hospital-stay (d) 10 ± 9 19 ± 12 0.002
  1. Group F fast track protocol failure, Group S successful fast-track protocol, MOV Multi organ failure, PM Pacemaker, PND permanent neurologic deficit