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Table 1 Patients’ demographics

From: Outcomes from cardiac surgery in Jehovah’s witness patients: experience over twenty-one years

  Jehovah’s Witnesses (n = 31) Control Group (n = 62) p Value
Age in years 62 ± 15 62 ± 14 0.873
BMI (kg/m2) 27.4 ± 4.3 26.2 ± 4.0 0.182
Women 10 (32 %) 20 (32 %) 1.000
Number of operations per surgeon (1, 2, 3,4) 13, 10, 4, 4 15, 27, 12, 8 0.344
Euroscore II 2.80 ± 3.34 2.38 ± 2.20 0.469
Preoperative Cockcroft’s CC in mL/min 84 ± 29 82 ± 27 0.776
Renal insufficiency (Cockcroft’s CC <85 mL/min) 16 (52 %) 34 (55 %) 0.769
Diabetes 8 (26 %) 15 (24 %) 0.865
Recent smoker 3 (10 %) 17 (27 %) 0.062
Hypertension 18 (58 %) 30 (48 %) 0.379
Hypercholesterolemia 19 (61 %) 36 (58 %) 0.765
Positive family history 10 (32 %) 18 (29 %) 0.749
Cerebrovascular accident 4 (13 %) 5 (9 %) 0.457
Peripheral vascular disease 8 (26 %) 6 (10 %) 0.040
Previous myocardial infarction 6 (19 %) 11 (18 %) 0.850
Recent myocardial infarction (<90 days) 3 (10 %) 6 (10 %) 1.000
COPD 6 (19 %) 6 (10 %) 0.189
NYHA    0.452
I 6 (19 %) 7 (11 %) -
II 12 (39 %) 21 (34 %) -
III 10 (32 %) 30 (48 %) -
IV 3 (10 %) 4 (6 %) -
Preoperative LVEF (%) 62 ± 11 59 ± 14 0.340
Preoperative AF 5 (16 %) 9 (15 %) 0.838
Reoperation 3 (10 %) 8 (13 %) 0.650
Urgent status 7 (23 %) 6 (10 %) 0.091
  1. BMI body mass index, CC creatinine clearance, Recent smoker current smoker or ex-smoker for less than 5 years, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, NYHA New York heart association score, AF atrial fibrillation, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction