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Table 4 Postoperative outcomes

From: Outcomes from cardiac surgery in Jehovah’s witness patients: experience over twenty-one years

  Jehovah’s Witnesses Control group P value
Time of ECC in min 104 ± 35 98 ± 36 0.432
Cross Clamp Time in min 61 ± 27 59 ± 29 0.721
Perioperative blood loss in mL 209 ± 235 308 ± 367 0.178
Drain 24 h in mL 644 ± 458 582 ± 215 0.481
Drain total in mL 847 ± 583 812 ± 365 0.721
Hours post drain ablation 46.3 ± 9.8 45.7 ± 12.1 0.811
LVEF postop (%) 57 ± 8 58 ± 10 0.912
Mechanical ventilation in days 1.26 ± 2.24 0.89 ± 0.55 0.218
ICU stay in days 4.3 ± 3.9 3.0 ? ± 1.4 0.080
Postoperative length of stay in days 12.9 ± 7.6 10.9 ± 6.6 0.223
IABP 1 (3 %) 0 0.333
Acute MI 0 1 (2 %) 1.000
Stroke 0 0 -
New onset AF 11 (35 %) 11 (18 %) 0.058
New AF on discharge 0 3 (5 %) 0.548
Max Cr postop (mg/dL) 1.43 ± 0.60 1.32 ± 0.60 0.378
Min Cockcroft’s CC postop (mL/min) 63.8 ± 32.3 64.8 ± 24.8 0.865
Hemodialysis 1 (3 %) 0 0.333
Hemorrhage related re-exploration 2 (6 %) 1 (2 %) 0.257
Mediastinitis 1 (3 %) 1 (2 %) 1.000
Serious infectious complications 5 (16 %) 3 (5 %) 0.112
Transfused patients 0 17 (27.4 %) 0.001
Units of RBC 0 39 -
Units of RBC pp 0 ± 0 0.63 ± 1.5 0.002
Operative mortality 1 (3 %) 1 (2 %) 0.548
  1. ECC extracorporeal circulation, ICU intensive care unit, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, postop = postoperative, RBC red blood cells, IABP intra-aortic balloon pump, MI myocardial infarction, Max maximum, Cr creatinine, Min minimum, CC creatinine clearance, pp per patient, Serious infectious complications Pneumonia, Mediastinitis, Bacteremia