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Table 1 Preoperative and postoperative characteristics of patients (n = 14)

From: Efficacy and safety of thoracoscopic pericardial window in patients with pericardial effusions: a single-center case series

Patient Age (years), sex Etiology Symptoms Side of surgery Operation duration (min) PE volume (mL) Type of PE
1a,b 62 M After cardiac surgery Fatigue Left 141 950 Serous
2 65 F After cardiac surgery Fever Left 102 60 Serous
3b 77 M After aortic surgery DOE, fatigue Left 68 230 Bloody
4a 76 F Heart failure Fatigue, edema Right 53 350 Serous
5a,b 80 F Heart failure Dyspnea, edema Right 31 350 Serous
6ab 83 M Idiopathic DOE, edema Left 84 1250 Bloody
7a 76 F Heart failure Edema, oliguria Right 37 630 Serous
8 65 M Malignant disease DOE, tachycardia Right 52 600 Bloody
9a 78 M After cardiac surgery Fatigue, edema Left 60 N/A Hematoma
10b 61 M After cardiac surgery Dyspnea, edema Left 71 200 Bloody
11b 28 F Malignant disease Dyspnea, edema Right 107 230 Bloody
12 65 F After cardiac surgery DOE, edema Left 89 N/A Hematoma
13a,b 70 M Chronic pericarditis Edema Right 75 420 Serous
14a,b 74 M After cardiac surgery Dyspnea, edema Left 40 600 Serous
Mean ± SD      72.1 ± 29.5   
  1. M male, F female, DOE dyspnea on effort, N/A not available, PE pericardial effusion
  2. aPericardiocentesis was performed before creation of the thoracoscopic pericardial window (TPW)
  3. bPleural effusion was performed at the same time as creation of the TPW