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Table 4 Objectives rated as 'must or should be included' by more than 80 % of all residents, surgeons and directors but not cardiologists

From: Echocardiography training for cardiac surgery residents: results of a Canadian needs assessment

Training objectives    Professional Role
Overall Cardiac surgery residents (N = 38) Cardiologists (N = 15) Cardiac surgery directors and surgeons (N = 36)
N % N % N % N %
Assessment of gross wall motion abnormalities 82 92.1 35 92.1 11 73.3 36 100.0
Understanding of standard ultrasound windows/planes necessary to perform focused echocardiography 80 89.9 37 97.4 11 73.3 32 88.9
Recognition of presence of acute valvular regurgitation 78 87.6 36 94.7 11 73.3 31 86.1
Recognition of presence of an aortic dissection 75 84.3 32 84.2 11 73.3 32 88.9
Recognition of presence of mediastinal clots 71 79.8 31 81.6 9 60* 31 86.1
Knowledge of ultrasound/echo basics 70 78.7 32 84.2 7 46.67* 31 86.1
  1. *P < 0.05 for comparisons between cardiac surgeons and directors vs. cardiologists. All p-values were from two-tailed Fisher's Exact Test