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Table 5 Objectives with broad variation among participants regarding inclusion

From: Echocardiography training for cardiac surgery residents: results of a Canadian needs assessment

Training objectives    Professional Role
Overall Cardiac surgery residents (N = 38) Cardiologists (N = 15) Cardiac surgery directors and surgeons (N = 36)
N % N % N % N %
Recognition of dilated aortic root and/or thoracic aorta 70 78.7 29 76.3 11 73.3 30 83.3
Use of echo guidance for pericardiocentesis 60 67.4 26 68.4 9 60.0 25 69.4
Estimation of right atrial pressure through examination of inferior vena caval compliance 52 58.4 26 68.42* 8 53.3 18 50.0
Techniques to estimate pulmonary artery pressure 41 46.1 20 52.6 7 46.7 14 38.9
Confirmation of transvenous pacing wire placement 38 42.7 19 50.0 6 40.0 13 36.1
  1. *P < 0.05 for all comparisons (cardiac surgeons and directors vs. either residents or cardiologists). All p-values were from two-tailed Fisher's Exact Test