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Table 1 Preoperative characteristics (n = 202)

From: Outcomes in patients undergoing complex cardiac repairs with cross clamp times over 300 minutes

Variable No. (%)
Patient Age (y)a 69.5 ± 10.6
Gender (males, %) 142 (70.3 %)
Preoperative status  
 Elective 138 (68.3 %)
 Urgent 55 (27.2 %)
 Emergent/salvage 9 (4.5 %)
Incidence  
 Reoperation 32 (15.8 %)
 First operation  
IABP - Preoperative 170 (84.2 %)
6 (3.0 %)  
Smoker 91 (45.0 %)
Angina type  
 Unstable 15 (7.4 %)
 Stable 65 (32.2 %)
Time from MI to surgery  
 1–7 days 10 (5.0 %)
 8–21 days 11 (5.4 %)
  > 21 days 43 (21.3 %)
NYHA class  
  ≤ 2 41 (24.7 %)
 3 and 4 125 (75.3 %)
Diabetes 64 (31.7 %)
Ejection fraction ≤50 % 77 (39.5 %)
Ejection fraction (%)a 52.0 ± 12.0
  1. IABP intra-aortic balloon pump, MI myocardial infarction, NYHA New York Heart Association
  2. aMean ± SD