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Table 1 Baseline data of the VATS and thoracotomy groups

From: Therapeutic evaluation of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery versus open thoracotomy for pediatric pulmonary hydatid disease

Parameter VATS (n = 44) Thoracotomy (n = 28) P value
Age    
 Mean ± SD 9.80 ± 5.50 11.16 ± 6.34  
 Range 4 ~ 15 5 ~ 18 0.397
Ethnicity    
 Han 9 8  
 Minority 35 20 0.429
Lesion site    
 Unilateral 40 25  
 Bilateral 4 3 0.821
Casoni test    
 Positive 36 23  
 Negative 5 4 0.755
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.35 ± 3.15 25.65 ± 4.30 0.367
Diameter of lesion (cm) 3.20 ± 0.13 3.25 ± 0.35 0.196
Operation time (min) 99.90 ± 10.70 114.45 ± 15.20 0.143
Blood loss levels (ml) 8.80 ± 1.40 18.30 ± 3.46 0.001a
Hospital stay (d) 10.50 ± 1.20 17.30 ± 2.75 0.001a
Course of disease (months) 2.72 ± 1.20 2.19 ± 2.17 0.095
Pain scores 1.12 ± 0.52 1.69 ± 0.60 0.001a
Intubation indwelling time(d) 2.11 ± 0.16 5.32 ± 1.01 0.001a
complication incidence (%) 9.1(4/44) 17.9(5/28) 0.273
Recurrence (n) 3 2 0.958
Hospitalization costs (RMB/Thousand) 8.22 ± 1.66 11.52 ± 3.74 0.001a
  1. astatistically significant