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Table 4 Relationship between investigated factors and survival

From: Short-term and long-term outcomes of intrathoracic vacuum therapy of empyema in debilitated patients

Factors Survival
HR (95 %-CI) p-value
Age 1.03 (0.99–1.08) 0.152
Malignancy (yes/no) 2.37 (0.87–6.41) 0.091
Surgery indication:
 Primary empyema Reference -
 Postoperative empyema 0.60 (0.22–1.61) 0.306
Empyema treatment:
 OWT-VAC Reference -
 Mini-VAC 0.66 (0.18–2.35) 0.518
 Mini-VAC-Instill 0.61 (0.16–2.29) 0.460
Successful final chest wall closure (yes/no) 0.81 (0.29–2.31) 0.695