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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients of the Prior Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery and the Initial Transapical Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Groups

From: Transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with or without prior coronary artery bypass graft operation

  No CABG (N = 81) CABG (N = 45) P Value
Age 85.8 ± 6.1 82.5 ± 7.4 0.008
Male, (%) 24 (29.6) 28 (62.2) <0.001
BMI 25.58 ± 4.84 25.41 ± 4.70 0.853
STS Score 8.99 ± 4.19 11.66 ± 5.47 0.003
NYHA III or IV 56 (69.1) 34 (75.6) 0.539
Permanent PM 9 (11.1) 10 (22.2) 0.120
ICD 3 (3.7) 8 (17.8) 0.017
Atrial Fibrillation 27 (33.3) 20 (44.4) 0.251
Previous MI 16 (21.1) 22 (55) <0.001
Prior PCI 41 (50.6) 20 (44.4) 0.578
Stroke 8 (9.9) 7 (15.6) 0.395
Transient Ischemic Attack 6 (7.4) 6 (13.3) 0.346
PAD 25 (30.9) 20 (44.4) 0.174
Smoking History 52 (64.2) 30 (66.7) 0.847
Hypertension 69 (85.2) 42 (93.3) 0.253
Dyslipidemia 59 (72.8) 40 (88.9) 0.042
Diabetes 19 (23.5) 20 (44.4) 0.017
Oral Medications only 9 (11.1) 11 (24.4) 0.073
Insulin only 5 (6.2) 5 (11.1) 0.328
Immunocompromise Present 12 (14.8) 1 (2.2) 0.031
Left Main Stenosis > 50% 4 (4.9) 19 (42.2) <0.001
Proximal LAD > 70% stenosis 13 (16.0) 26 (57.8) <0.001
Renal Dialysis 3 (3.7) 1 (2.2) 1.0
Creatinine mg/dl 1.28 ± 0.65 1.32 ± 0.48 0.686
Echocardiography    
 Aortic Valve Area, cm2 0.67 ± 0.14 0.75 ± 0.20 0.025
 LVEF (%) 54.3 ± 11.6 42.3 ± 15.3 <0.001
 Aortic Valve Mean Gradient, mm Hg 47.7 ± 12.5 44.1 ± 11.9 0.126
 Aortic Valve Peak Gradient, mm Hg 82.5 ± 22.4 75.8 ± 18.6 0.091
 Aortic Valve Regurgitation Moderate/Severe 1 (1.2) 1 (2.2) 1.0
 Mitral Valve Regurgitation Moderate/Severe 13 (16.0) 16 (35.6) 0.016
 LVIDs, cm 3.42 ± 1.21 4.05 ± 1.88 0.026
 LVIDd, cm 4.96 ± 1.14 5.30 ± 1.91 0.212
  1. Results are number (%) or mean ± standard deviation
  2. CABG Coronary artery bypass graft, BMI Body mass index, NYHA New York Heart Association classification, STS Society of Thoracic Surgeons, PM Pacemaker, ICD Implantable cardioverter defibrillator, MI Myocardial infarction, PCI Percutaneous coronary intervention, PAD Peripheral arterial disease, LAD Left anterior descending, LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction, LVIDs Left ventricular diameter at end systole, LVIDd Left ventricular diameter at end diastole