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Table 2 Procedural characteristics and in-hospital outcomes

From: Transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with or without prior coronary artery bypass graft operation

  No CABG (n = 81) CABG (n = 45) p Value
Procedural Data
 Valve size
  23 53 (66.3) 16 (35.6) 0.002
  26 26 (32.5) 28 (62.2)  
  29 1 (1.3) 1 (2.2)  
 Procedure Time (Hours) 3.26 ± 0.86 3.50 ± 0.80 0.127
 Cardiopulmonary Bypass 0 2 (4.4) 0.126
Outcomes  
 Stroke 1 (1.2) 0 1.0
 MI 0 0  
 New Renal Failure requiring Hemodialysis 5 (6.2) 1 (2.2) 0.420
 Respiratory Distress 19 (23.5) 12 (26.7) 0.829
 Re-Intubation 7 (8.6) 4 (8.9) 1.0
 Coronary Obstruction 0 0  
 In Hospital Creatinine, (highest value, mg/dl) 1.88 ± 1.15 1.73 ± 0.71 0.430
 Creatinine at discharge (mg/dl) 1.33 ± 0.67 (N = 76) 1.40 ± 0.57 0.560
 Hospitalization Duration 10.48 ± 6.7 9.64 ± 7.9 0.531
Arrhythmias
 Conduction Disturbance 12 (14.8) 6 (13.3) 1.0
  New LBBB 10 (12.3) 6 (13.3) 1.0
  New RBBB 2 (2.5) 0 0.537
 New Atrial Fibrillation 25 (30.9) 5 (11.1) 0.016
 New Other Significant Arrhythmia 13 (16.0) 5 (11.1) 0.597
 Permanent Pacemaker Implantation 4 (4.9) 3 (6.7) 0.700
Bleeding
 Life Threatening Bleedinga 4 (4.9) 1 (2.2) 0.654
 Major Bleedinga 28 (34.6) 15 (33.3) 1.0
 Gastrointestinal Bleeding 4 (4.9) 0 0.296
 Genitourinary Bleeding 4 (4.9) 3 (6.7) 0.700
 Transapical approach related 4 (4.9) 2 (4.4) 1.0
 PRBC Transfusion 48 (59.3) 29 (64.4) 0.703
 # Units transfused 2.2 ± 2.0 2.1 ± 1.4 0.947
Vascular Complications
 Major Vascular Complication 1 (1.2) 0 1.0
 Minor Vascular Complication 1 (1.2) 0 1.0
 Annular Dissection 0 0  
 Requirement of CT surgery 0 2 (4.4) 0.126
 Requirement of Vascular Surgery 0 0  
  1. Results are number (%) or mean ± standard deviation
  2. MI Myocardial infarction, LBBB Left bundle branch block, RBBB Right bundle branch block, PRBC Packed red blood cells, CT Cardiothoracic surgery
  3. aDefined using VARC criteria10