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Table 2 Early postoperative outcomes

From: Early clinical outcomes of on-pump beating-heart versus off-pump technique for surgical revascularization in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction: the experience of a single center

  Group ONBEAT
(n = 88)
Group OFF
(n = 128)
p
In-hospital mortality 3 (3.4%) 6 (4.7%) 0.741
Circulatory morbidity    
 LCOS 11 (12.5%) 25 (19.5%) 0.197
 New onset of acute MI 3 (3.4%) 5 (3.9%) 1.000
IABP support on an “as needed” basis 11 (12.5%) 25 (19.5%) 0.197
Drainage during the first 24 h (ml) 715 ± 187 520 ± 148 0.000
Re-operation for bleeding 3 (3.4%) 3 (2.3%) 0.689
Pulmonary complications    
 Pneumonia 10 (11.4%) 12 (9.4%) 0.653
 Respiratory failure 14 (15.9%) 11 (8.6%) 0.129
Duration of MV (h, median) 29 28 0.483
Renal failure requiring hemodialysis 3 (3.4%) 4 (3.1%) 1.000
Stroke 5 (5.7%) 5 (3.9%) 0.533
Deep sternal wound infection 4 (4.5%) 5 (3.9%) 1.000
Length of ICU stay (d) 4.0 ± 3.1 3.9 ± 1.9 0.517
LVEF before discharge (%) 35.6 ± 3.1 34.8 ± 3.3 0.034
  1. Group ONBEAT patients received on-pump beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting, Group OFF patients underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, LCOS low cardiac output syndrome, MI myocardial infarction, IABP intra-aortic balloon pump, MV mechanic ventilation, ICU intensive care unit, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction