Skip to main content

Table 1 Overall patient demographics, pathology and operative technique

From: A systematic review of left ventricular cardio-endoscopic surgery

Characteristics Number of studies Number of cases Percent (n/total)
Patients 34 54 -
Male: female 32 22:10 -
Mean age (range) 32 - 52.7 (17–82)
Indication
 Thrombus 13 16 29.6% (16/54)
 Tumour 21 22 40.7% (22/54)
 Hypertrophic and fibrous tissue 2 16 29.6% (16/54)
Tumors Histopathology
 Papillary fibroelastoma 13 14 63.6% (14/22)
 Myxoma 6 6 27.3% (6/22)
 Benign hemangioma 1 1 4.5% (1/22)
 Metastatic synovial sarcoma 1 1 4.5% (1/22)
Location of the lesion within left ventricle
 Body 19 33 61.1% (33/54)
 Apex 10 10 18.5% (10/54)
 Papillary muscle 3 3 5.5% (3/54)
 Mitral valve chord 2 2 3.7% (2/54)
 Unreported 1 6 11.1% (6/54)
Number of lesions per case
 One 27 27 50% (27/54)
 Two 4 4 7.4% (4/54)
 Multiple 1 1 1.9% (1/54)
 Unreported 4 22 40.7% (22/54)
As part of another procedure 34 54 7.4% (4/54)
 CABG 4 4 100% (4/4)
Incision
 Median sternotomy 23 43 79.6% (43/54)
 Right mini thoracotomy 4 4 7.4% (4/54)
 Right thoracoscopy 1 1 1.9% (1/54)
 Unreported 6 6 11.1% (6/54)
Entry site in to heart
 Aortotomy 22 42 77.8% (42/54)
 Left atriotomy 11 11 20.4% (11/54)
 Unreported 1 1 1.9% (1/54)
Cross-clamp time (mean) 10 10 59.5 min
Cardiopulmonary bypass time (mean) 8 8 105.3 min