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Table 1 Preoperative clinical characteristics according to study groups

From: Consumption coagulopathy in acute aortic dissection: principles of management

Characteristics Acute type A aortic dissection (n = 66) Thoracic aortic aneurysm (n = 36) p
Age, yr 48.4 ± 10.8 51.4 ± 13.5 0.25
Male 48 (72.7) 28 (77.8) 0.64
Hypertension 50 (75.8) 8 (22.2) <0.01
Diabetes mellitus 2 (3.0) 7 (19.4) <0.01
Bicuspid aortic valve 1 (1.5) 3 (8.3) 0.13
Previous cerebral infarction 4 (6.1) 6 (16.7) 0.16
Coronary artery disease 4 (6.1) 2 (5.6) 1.00
Smoking history 27 (40.9) 8 (22.2) 0.81
Marfan syndrome 3 (4.5) 1 (2.8) 1.00
Creatinine, mg/dL 86.8 (64.9, 99.9) 67.8 (60.5, 75.0) <0.01
Troponin I, ng/mL 0.19 (0.00, 0.06) 0.15 (0.00, 0.01) 0.70
Aortic root size, mm 40.5 ± 7.4 41.7 ± 6.4 0.74
Aortic regurgitation 30 (45.5) 28 (77.8) <0.01
Ascend aorta size, mm 44.3 ± 6.6 50.6 ± 9.5 0.15
LVEF, % 49.6 ± 6.9 54.0 ± 9.2 <0.01
  1. Values are mean ± SD, n (%), or median (interquartile range)
  2. BMI body mass index, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, SD standard deviation