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Table 2 Perioperative data according to study groups

From: Consumption coagulopathy in acute aortic dissection: principles of management

Variable Acute type A aortic dissection (n = 66) Thoracic aortic aneurysm (n = 36) p
Ascending + total-arch replacement 38 (57.6) - -
Composite graft + total-arch replacement 28 (42.4) - -
Ascending replacement - 10 (27.8) -
Composite graft - 26 (72.2) -
Operation time, hr 8.1 ± 1.8 4.4 ± 0.5 <0.01
CPB time, min 210 ± 56 131 ± 14 <0.01
Aortic cross clamp time, min 125 ± 47 89 ± 15 <0.01
The duration of HCA, min 27.3 ± 1.1 - -
Lowest nasopharyngeal temperature, °C 23.0 ± 2.0 30.8 ± 0.8 <0.01
Reoperation for bleeding, n (%) 6 (9.1) 4 (11.1) 0.74
Intraoperative blood loss, mL 1416 (1000, 1700) 939 (800, 1000) <0.01
Total postoperative drainage, mL 2900 (1220, 3580) 618 (400, 700) <0.01
Packed red blood cells, mL 1415 (600, 1870) 330 (0, 600) <0.01
Fresh frozen plasma, mL 603 (200, 850) 230 (0, 400) <0.01
Platelet concentrate, mL 300 (0, 600) 200 (0, 300) 0.05
In-hospital mortality 7 (10.6) 3 (8.3) 1.00
Length of in-hospital, day 16.7 (10.5, 19.0) 17.6 (13.0, 19.0) 0.63
Length of ICU, day 6.3 (1.2, 8.5) 3.2 (0.8, 2.0) 0.02
Postoperative dialysis 13 (19.7) 7 (19.4) 1.00
Low cardiac output syndrome 4 (6.1) 4 (11.1) 0.45
Sepsis 12 (18.2) 2 (5.6) 0.13
Paraplegia 3 (4.5) 0 0.55
Respiratory failure 16 (24.2) 3 (8.3) 0.06
Cerebral infarction or bleeding 7 (10.6) 4 (11.1) 1.00
  1. Values are mean ± SD, n (%), or median (interquartile range)
  2. CPB cardiopulmonary bypass, ICU intensive care unit, HCA hypothermic circulatory arrest, SD standard deviation