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Table 1 Baseline, Clinical, and Echocardiographic Characteristics of Patients

From: Influence of Staphylococcus aureus on Outcomes after Valvular Surgery for Infective Endocarditis

  Overall (n = 323) SA IE (n = 85) NSA IE (n = 238) p - Value
Age, year 58.5 ± 16.1 58.1 ± 15.9 58.7 ± 16.2 0.776
Age     0.968
  ≤ 60 164 (50.8) 43 (50.6) 121 (50.8)
  > 60 159 (49.2) 42 (49.4) 117 (49.2)
Male, n (%) 213 (65.9) 52 (61.2) 161 (67.7) 0.280
Race, n (%)     0.724
 Caucasian 182 (56.4) 45 (52.9) 137 (57.6)
 African American 27 (8.4) 7 (8.2) 20 (8.4)
 Others 114 (35.3) 33 (38.8) 81 (34.0)
BMI, kg/m2 26.9 ± 5.7 27.6 ± 5.9 26.7 ± 5.6 0.210
Obese (BMI > 25 kg/m2), n (%) 185 (61.7) 55 (69.6) 130 (58.8) 0.108
Co-morbidities
Active tobacco use, n (%) 30 (9.6) 10 (12.2) 20 (8.6) 0.344
Hypertension, n (%) 199 (61.8) 54 (63.5) 145 (61.2) 0.702
Diabetes, n (%) 74 (23.0) 22 (25.9) 52 (21.9) 0.459
IV drug use, n (%) 16 (5.0) 9 (10.6) 7 (2.9) 0.005
Previous cardiac surgery, n (%) 149 (46.3) 38 (44.7) 105 (44.3) 0.949
Valve replacement in the past 5 years (%) 75 (23.2) 25 (29.4) 50 (21.0) 0.154
History of CHF, n (%) 149 (46.3) 38 (44.7) 111 (46.8) 0.735
Previous CVA, n (%) 88 (27.3) 30 (35.3) 58 (24.5) 0.055
ESRD, n (%) 37 (11.5) 14 (16.5) 23 (9.7) 0.093
Chronic lung disease, n (%) 32 (9.9) 10 (11.8) 22 (9.3) 0.512
Arrhythmia, n (%) 107 (33.2) 35 (41.2) 72 (30.4) 0.070
  1. Values are means ± SD, or counts (%). BMI body mass index, MI myocardial infarction, NYHA New York Heart Association, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate