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Table 3 Baseline Echocardiographic Data

From: Influence of Staphylococcus aureus on Outcomes after Valvular Surgery for Infective Endocarditis

  Overall (n = 323) SA IE (n = 85) NSA IE (n = 238) p - Value
Left ventricular ejection fraction, % 50.9 ± 12.0 52.3 ± 11.4 50.2 ± 12.3 0.198
 Severe, n (%) 52 (16.9) 10 (11.8) 42 (17.7) 0.208
Valve pathology, n (%)
 Regurgitation 2 (1.7%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (3.2%) 0.152
 Stenosis 58 (48.7%) 25 (44.6%) 33 (52.4%) 0.398
 Mixed 59 (49.6%) 31 (55.4%) 28 (44.4%) 0.232
Aortic regurgitation grade, n (%)     0.001
 None & Mild 175 (54.2) 59 (69.4) 116 (48.7)
 Moderate & Severe 148 (45.8) 26 (30.6) 122 (51.3)
Mitral regurgitation grade, n (%)     0.471
 None & Mild 145 (44.9) 41 (48.2) 104 (43.7)
 Moderate & Severe 178 (55.1) 44 (51.8) 134 (56.3)
Tricuspid regurgitation grade, n (%)     0.673
 None & Mild 261 (80.8) 70 (82.3) 191 (80.2)
 Moderate & Severe 62 (19.2) 15 (17.7) 47 (19.8)
Dehiscence of valve 29 (9.0) 5 (5.9) 24 (10.1) 0.245
Presence of Vegetation > 1 cm, n (%) 131 (42.1) 41 (49.4) 90 (39.5) 0.117
Presence of Annular Abscess, n (%) 103 (31.9) 38 (44.7) 65 (27.3) 0.003