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Table 6 Univariate logistical regression analysis for major vascular complications (N:180)

From: Transfemoral versus transapical approach for transcatheter aortic valve implantation: hospital outcome and risk factor analysis.

  n.0 n.1  
Total 167 13  
Binary variables n.0 p.0 n.1 p.1 or or.sd or.ci95 p
Transfemoral procedure 80 47.9% 10 76.9% 3.62 1.97 0.96 13.64 0.057
Gender (M) 78 46.7% 4 30.8% 0.51 1.86 0.15 1.71 0.274
COPD 36 21.6% 2 15.4% 0.66 2.21 0.14 3.12 0.602
Vascular disease 84 50.3% 7 53.8% 1.15 1.78 0.37 3.58 0.806
Previous vascular surgery 15 9.0% 2 15.4% 1.84 2.26 0.37 9.10 0.453
Coronary disease 85 50.9% 5 38.5% 0.60 1.81 0.19 1.92 0.392
Previous CABG 26 15.6% 1 7.7% 0.45 2.89 0.06 3.62 0.455
Previous cardiac surgery 38 22.8% 2 15.4% 0.62 2.20 0.13 2.91 0.542
Hypertension 110 65.9% 7 53.8% 0.60 1.79 0.19 1.88 0.385
Renal failure 72 43.1% 3 23.1% 0.40 1.97 0.11 1.49 0.171
Diabetes 29 17.4% 1 7.7% 0.40 2.89 0.05 3.17 0.383
Pacemaker implantation 20 12.0% 1 7.7% 0.61 2.91 0.08 4.97 0.646
Thorax radiotherapy 14 8.4% 2 15.4% 1.99 2.27 0.40 9.87 0.401
Critical state 14 8.4% 1 7.7% 0.91 2.94 0.11 7.53 0.931
Logistic EuroSCORE >20% 121 72.5% 8 61.5% 0.61 1.81 0.19 1.96 0.404
LVEF > 50% 95 57.2% 6 46.2% 0.64 1.78 0.21 1.99 0.441
Pulmonary hypertension 96 57.5% 5 38.5% 0.46 1.81 0.15 1.47 0.192
Valve-in-valve 11 6.6% 1 7.7% 1.18 2.96 0.14 9.94 0.878
Hospital mortality 12 7.2% 5 38.5% 8.07 1.90 2.28 28.53 0.001
Disabling Stroke 4 2.4% 1 7.7% 3.40 3.18 0.35 32.82 0.291
Pericardial drainage/rethoracotomy for bleeding 4 2.4% 1 7.7% 3.40 3.18 0.35 32.82 0.291
Postoperative acute renal failure 3 1.8% 1 7.7% 4.56 3.30 0.44 47.19 0.204
Postoperative dialysis 2 1.2% 1 7.7% 6.87 3.53 0.58 81.36 0.126
Conversion to sternotomy 1 0.6% 1 7.7% 13.83 4.24 0.81 235 0.069
Cardiopulmonary bypass use 2 1.2% 2 15.4% 15.00 2.85 1.93 116 0.010
Early extubation (within 4 h) 117 70.1% 6 46.2% 0.37 1.79 0.12 1.14 0.084
Paravalvular leak (mild to severe) 26 15.8% 2 16.7% 1.07 2.23 0.22 5.16 0.934
  1. OR odds ratio, OR.SD odds ratio standard deviation, OR.CI95 odds ratio 95% confidence interval, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CABG coronary artery bypass graft, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction