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Table 3 Echocardiographic parameters of different morphological grades

From: Correlation of structural defects in the ascending aortic wall to ultrasound parameters: benefits for decision-making process in aortic valve surgery

Parameter Grades N Mean SD SE 95% C.I. Min. Max. p
AA 1.00 63 2.7122 0.35304 0.04448 2.6233 2.8011 2.00 3.50 0.062
  2.00 27 2.8344 0.42827 0.08242 2.6650 3.0039 2.20 4.20  
  3.00 18 2.9578 0.52635 0.12406 2.6960 3.2195 1.97 4.10  
  Total 108 2.7837 0.41178 0.03962 2.7052 2.8623 1.97 4.20  
SV 1.00 63 2.9519 0.42024 0.05294 2.8461 3.0577 2.00 3.90 0.190
  2.00 27 3.1219 0.49951 0.09613 2.9243 3.3195 2.10 4.40  
  3.00 18 3.1067 0.51923 0.12238 2.8485 3.3649 2.40 4.50  
  Total 108 3.0202 0.46087 0.04435 2.9323 3.1081 2.00 4.50  
STJ 1.00 63 2.6830 0.38806 0.04889 2.5853 2.7807 2.00 3.60 0.006*
  2.00 27 2.8570 0.53146 0.10228 2.6468 3.0673 2.00 3.80  
  3.00 18 3.0594 0.49402 0.11644 2.8138 3.3051 2.40 4.20  
  Total 108 2.7893 0.46341 0.04459 2.7009 2.8777 2.00 4.20  
AscA 1.00 63 3.2124 0.49394 0.06223 3.0880 3.3368 2.20 4.60 0.023*
  2.00 27 3.4767 0.56276 0.10830 3.2540 3.6993 2.60 4.70  
  3.00 18 3.5289 0.57376 0.13524 3.2436 3.8142 2.67 4.70  
  Total 108 3.3312 0.53931 0.05190 3.2283 3.4341 2.20 4.70  
SVI 1.00 63 0.8935 0.12078 0.01522 0.8631 0.9239 0.63 1.22 0.199
  2.00 27 0.9493 0.15402 0.02964 0.8883 1.0102 0.64 1.28  
  3.00 18 0.9194 0.15345 0.03617 0.8431 0.9958 0.71 1.34  
  Total 108 0.9118 0.13609 0.01309 0.8858 0.9377 0.63 1.34  
STJI 1.00 63 0.9489 0.14145 0.01782 0.9133 0.9845 0.68 1.44 0.073
  2.00 27 1.0100 0.19365 0.03727 0.9334 1.0866 0.71 1.37  
  3.00 18 1.0317 0.15143 0.03569 0.9564 1.1070 0.84 1.44  
  Total 108 0.9780 0.15997 0.01539 0.9474 1.0085 0.68 1.44  
STJ/AA 1.00 63 0.9954 0.11409 0.01437 0.9667 1.0241 0.79 1.40 0.585
  2.00 27 1.0096 0.14103 0.02714 0.9538 1.0654 0.75 1.32  
  3.00 18 1.0294 0.14210 0.03349 0.9588 1.1001 0.76 1.39  
  Total 108 1.0046 0.12547 0.01207 0.9807 1.0286 0.75 1.40  
AscA/AA 1.00 63 1.1933 0.17621 0.02220 1.1490 1.2377 0.79 1.65 0.486
  2.00 27 1.2448 0.24061 0.04631 1.1496 1.3400 0.87 2.00  
  3.00 18 1.2017 0.12045 0.02839 1.1418 1.2616 0.94 1.45  
  Total 108 1.2076 0.18665 0.01796 1.1720 1.2432 0.79 2.00  
  1. AA ventriculo-aortic junction, AscA ascending aorta, SV sinus Valsalva, SVI sinus Valsalva index, STJ sinotubular junction, STJI sinotubular junction index