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Table 2 Characteristics of included patients

From: A standardized approach to treat complex aortic valve endocarditis: a case series

# Age (yr) sex Previous surgery Micro-organism Indication for surgery Euro SCORE Remarks during stentless bioprosthesis implantation Outcome
rethoracotomy re-IE permanent dialysis PPM
1 66 M 2 yr. bio Streptococcus sanguinis aortic root abscess 38.92 pericard patch to support MV, 1 RBC Recovery initially, but death 7.5 months post surgery
+ +
2 70 M 1 yr. bio Staphylococcus epidermidis aortic root abscess, mycotic aneurysm, loose prosthesis, septic emboli, AV block 65.87 aorta annulus support with pledges and transseptal stiches, CABG, 5 RBC In-hospital death 40 days post surgery
+
3 71 M 1 yr. bio Streptococcus agalactiae aortic root abscess with Gerbode defect, AV block 47.06 pericard patch reconstruction aorta annulus, atriotomy, TVP and Devega plasty, 14 RBC Recovery > 6 years post surgery
+
4 31 M Streptococcus mitis totally destructed LVOT with Gerbode defect, AV block 42.52 pericard patch reconstruction aorta annulus, TVP, Devega plasty, 0 RBC Recovery > 4 years post surgery
+
5 71 M 29 yr. mech Enterococcus faecalis aortic root abscess, septic emboli 47.06 3 RBC Recovery > 3 years post surgery
6 36 M 2 yr. mech not identified aortic root abscess, septic emboli 28.55 0 RBC Recovery > 4 years post surgery
7 64 M Staphylococcus aureus aortic root abscess, multiple septic emboli, cardiac decompensation 23.42 aorta annulus support with pledges, 2 RBC Recovery > 2 year (20 months) post surgery
+
8 72 M 3mo bio Staphylococcus epidermidis loose prosthesis, cardiac decompensation 64.48 closure of destructed coronary ostia, CABG, 0 RBC In-hospital death 14 days post surgery
9 45 M 12 yr. mech Staphylococcus aureus aortic root abscess, mycotic aneurysm 28.55 multiple vegetations AV, pericard patch reconstruction aorta annulus, 0 RBC Recovery initially, but death 13 months post surgery
+ +
10 60 F 4mo bio Staphylcoccus epidermidis progressive aortic root abscess with Gerbode defect, septic emboli, blood cultures persistantly positive, AV-block 37.28 removal of vegetation from right atrium with affected AML and PPM implantation, 4 RBC Recovery > 2 years post surgery
+
11 55 M Enterococcus faecalis aortic root abscess, mycotic aneurysm, conduction disturbance 26.62 pericard patch reconstruction aorta annulus and AML, 1 RBC Recovery > 4 years post surgery
12 42 M Streptococcus mutans mycotic aneurysm, large vegetation 12.79 MVP, 0 RBC Recovery > 5 years post surgery
13 75 F 1 yr. bio Staphylococcus epidermidis aortic wall thickening, septic emboli, AV block 61.76 mobilization of tightly adhered coronary ostia, 2 RBC Recovery > 8 years post surgery
+
14 77 M 2 yr. bio Enterococcus faecalis septal mycotic aneurysm with fistula and threatened anatomy 52.33 urgent surgery with two times reanimation setting and persistant instability for which sternum left open, 0 RBC In-hospital death directly post surgery
15 62 M 1 yr. mech coagulase negative Staphylococci aortic root abscess, progressive mycotic aneurysm, aortoventricular dehiscence 68.31 4 RBC Recovery > 11 years post surgery
16 60 M 7 yr. mech Streptococcus bovis aortic root abscess, mycotic aneurysm, aortoventricular dehiscence, cardiac decompensation 60.7 drainage of 1 L pleural effusion at both sides, 0 RBC Recovery > 5 years post surgery
  1. # patient number, AML anterior mitral leaflet, AV aortic valve, AV block atrio-ventricular block, bio biological prosthetic valve inplanted, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, EuroSCORE logarithimic I, F female, LVOT left ventricular outflow tract, M male, mech mechanical prosthetic valve inplanted, mo months, MV mitral valve, PPM placement of permanent pacemaker, RBC number of bags with red blood cells given during surgery, re-IE recurrence of endocarditis, rethoracotomy for bleeding or tamponade, TVP tricuspid valve plasty, yr. years