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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of PPC and non-PPC patients

From: Risk factors and short-term outcomes of postoperative pulmonary complications after VATS lobectomy

  Total
(n = 285)
PPC
(n = 21)
Non-PPC
(n = 264)
p value
Gender (male) 137 (48.1%) 13 (61.9%) 124 (47%) 0.28
Age (years) median, IQR 69.0 (13) 70.0 (10) 69.0 (13) 0.84
FEV1% predicted mean (±SD) 87.0 (±19) 88.8 (±21.6) 87.5 (±19.8) 0.78
ASA score ≥ 3 144 (50.5%) 14 (66.7%) 130 (49.2%) 0.19
Preoperative activity level ≤ 400 m 84 (29.5%) 7 (8.4%) 77 (91.6%) 0.88
BMI ≥30 63 (22.1%) 4 (19%) 59 (22.3%) 0.49
COPD 84 (29.5%) 11 (52.4%) 73 (27.7%) 0.03
Current smoker 60 (21.1%) 9 (42.9%) 51 (19.3%) 0.02
NSCLC Staging IA 118 (45.7%) 9 (52.9%) 109 (45.2%) 0.54
IB 83 (32.2%) 4 (23.5%) 79 (32.8%)
IIA 40 (15.5%) 2 (11.8%) 38 (15.8%)
IIB 5 (1.9%) 0 (0%) 5 (2.1%)
IIIA 12 (4.7%) 2 (11.8%) 10 (4.1%)
Secondary metastatic disease 27 (9.5%) 4 (14.8%) 23 (85.2%) 0.12
Analgesia Paravertebral 233 (81.8%) 18 (85.7%) 215 (81.4%) 0.19
Epidural 27 (9.5%) 0 (0%) 27 (10.2%)
PCA / othera 25 (8.8%) 3 (14.3%) 22 (8.3%)
  1. PPC, postoperative pulmonary complication; ASA, American Society of Anaethesiologists; BMI, body mass index; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; PCA, patient controlled analgesia; amorphine infusion (n = 3)