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Table 2 Peri-operative and post-operative data comparison among three groups of patients

From: Surgical repair via submammary thoracotomy, right axillary thoracotomy and median sternotomy for ventricular septal defects

Item Group A Group B Group C P
Operative time (min) 110.4 ± 22.3 105.2 ± 25.4 103.6 ± 18.5 P > 0.05
Aortic occlusion clamping time (min) 38.3 ± 11.5 36.4 ± 12.8 37.1 ± 9.9 P > 0.05
Cardiopulmonary bypassing time (min) 60.5 ± 12.3 62.5 ± 10.2 63.2 ± 13.6 P > 0.05
Mechanical ventilation time (h) 16.6 ± 4.4 10.4 ± 3.1* 9.8 ± 2.5* P < 0.05
Intensive care unit time (h) 21.7 ± 5.2 14.5 ± 2.3* 13.8 ± 2.6* P < 0.05
Drainage (ml) 50.5 ± 21.5 24.4 ± 15.6* 20.5 ± 18.6* P < 0.05
Blood transfusion volume (ml) 320.5 ± 80.4 338.3 ± 96.7 340.5 ± 86.5 P > 0.05
The incision length (cm) 13.7 ± 1.1 10.2 ± 2.3* 8.5 ± 2.4* P < 0.05
Postoperative hospital stay (d) 9.2 ± 3.2 6.8 ± 2.1* 6.9 ± 3.2* P < 0.05
Hospital costs (10000RMB) 5.85 ± 0.63 5.45 ± 0.83 5.25 ± 0.92 P > 0.05