Skip to main content

Table 2 Operative characteristics of patients undergoing tricuspid valve surgery for isolated rheumatic tricuspid regurgitation (n = 26). Data are Presented as Mean ± SD, Median (Range), or n (%)

From: Reoperation for isolated rheumatic tricuspid regurgitation

Characteristics All patients
n = 26
Functional TR
n = 14
Organic TR
n = 12
p-Value
Median sternotomy 24 (92.3%) 14 (100%) 10 (83.3%) 0.20
Right thoracotomy 2 (7.7%) 0 (0%) 2 (16.7%) 0.11
Beating heart 9 (34.6%) 2 (14.3%) 7 (58.3%) 0.02
Cardioplegia 17 (65.4%) 12 (85.7%) 5 (41.7%) 0.02
- Cold crystalloid St Thomas cardioplegia 9 (52.9%) 7 (77.8%) 2 (22.2%) 0.62
- Cold blood high potassium cardioplegia 8 (47.1%) 5 (35.7%) 3 (25%) 0.62
Cardio-pulmonary bypass time (minute) 95.4 ± 39.7 87.9 ± 19.7 104.1 ± 54.4 0.35
Cross aortic clamping time (minute) 60 (35–170) 60 (38–170) 52 (35–103) 0.60
Hemofiltration (n, %) 6 (23.1%) 4 (28.6%) 2 (16.7%) 0.21
 Mean ± SD (ml/Kg) 78.7 ± 34.6 89.7 ± 16.4 56.8 ± 16.2 0.58
Difficult weaning from cardio-pulmonary bypass 9 (34.6%) 3 (21.4%) 6 (50%) 0.22
Tricuspid valve repair: 15 (57.7%) 13 (92.9%) 2 (16.7%) < 0.001
- Carpentier Edwards ring n°30 1 (3.8%) 1 (7.1%) 0 (0%) 0.9
- Carpentier Edwards ring n°32 11 (42.3%) 9 (64.3%) 2 (16.7%) < 0.001
- Carpentier Edwards ring n°34 3 (11.5%) 3 (21.4%) 0 (0%) 0.03
Tricuspid valve replacement: 11 (42.3%) 1 (7.1%) 10 (83.3%) < 0.001
- Mechanical prosthesis: 6 (23.1%) 0 (0%) 6 (50%) < 0.001
- SJM n°27 1 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (8.3) 0.87
- Sorin Bicarbon n°27 1 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (8.3) 0.87
- ATS n°29 2 (7.7%) 0 (0%) 2 (16.7%) 0.7
- ATS n°31 1 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (8.3) 0.87
- Carbomedics Valve n°31 1 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (8.3) 0.87
- Biological prosthesis: 5 (19.2%) 1 (7.1%) 4 (33.3%) < 0.001
- Sorin Pericarbon More n°27 1 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (8.3%) 0.87
- SJM Epic Biocor Valve n°27 1 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (8.3%) 0.87
- Medtronic Hancock Tissue Valve II n°29 2 (7.7%) 1 (7.1%) 1 (8.3%) 0.95
- SJM Epic Biocor Valve n°31 1 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (8.3%) 0.87
  1. TR: tricuspid regurgitation, SJM: St Jude Medical, SD: standard deviation