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Table 2 Comparison of postoperative outcomes between conservative and surgical treatment

From: Comparison of surgical and conservative treatment outcomes for type a aortic dissection in elderly patients

  All patients > 80 years of age Propensity-matched patients
Outcome Conservative Surgical p Conservative Surgical p
(n = 2017) (n = 1241) (n = 845) (n = 845)
All-cause in-hospital death   1031(51.1) 193 (15.6) < 0.001 267 (31.6) 141 (16.7) < 0.001
Stroke, n (%)   71 (3.5) 213 (17.2) < 0.001 38 (4.5) 148 (17.5) < 0.001
AKI, n (%)   21 (1.0) 109 (8.8) < 0.001 14 (1.7) 73 (8.6) < 0.001
Tracheotomy, n (%)   16 (0.8) 108 (8.7) < 0.001 9 (1.1) 78 (9.2) < 0.001
Composite adverse events   1090 (54.0) 454 (36.6) < 0.001 304 (36.0) 314 (37.2) 0.65
Length of hospital stay, days Median [IQR] 7.0 [1.0–26.0] 31.0 [20.0–46.0] < 0.001 17.0 [3.0–31.0] 31.0 [21.0–48.0] < 0.001
Length of ICU stay,days Median [IQR] 1.0 [0.0–4.0] 7.0 [4.0 12.0] < 0.001 2.0 [0.0–6.0] 7.0 [4.0–12.0] < 0.001
Inpatient cost, (US $) Median [IQR] 4200 [1400–10,200] 36,600 [30300–45,400] < 0.001 7200 [2700–12,100] 36,400 [30300–45,900] < 0.001