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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Evaluation of preoperative risk factors and postoperative indicators for anastomotic leak of minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy: a single-center retrospective analysis

Variable Anastomotic leakage (n = 12) None anastomotic leakage (n = 84) Univariate P Multivariate P
Sex    0.35 0.24
 Male 10 59   
 Female 2 25   
Age 63.42 ± 9.13 62.02 ± 8.48 0.60 0.71
Comorbidity    0.43 0.48
 None 6 47   
 Hypertension 6 26   
 Diabetes 0 7   
 COPD 0 4   
Drinking history    0.43 0.66
 Yes 6 32   
 No 6 52   
Staging    0.91* 0.87
 IA/IB/IIA/IIB/IIIA/IIIB/IIIC 1/2/2/3/3/1/0 4/7/16/25/16/13/3   
Neoadjuvant therapy    0.88 0.71
 Yes 5 33   
 No 7 51   
Feeding type    0.19 0.27
 Jejunostomy 7 64   
 Nasojejunal tubes 5 20   
Anastomotic methods    0.65 0.82
 Handsewn 2 7   
 Linear stapled 5 38   
 Circular stapled 5 39   
  1. *Tested by Mann-Whitney U test