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Table 1 Patients Characteristics

From: Failed MitraClip therapy: surgical revision in high-risk patients

Variable Value (n = 9)
Age [mean ± SD] 61.2 ± 19.6
Sex [No.]
 Female 5 (55.6%)
 Male 4 (44.4%)
NYHA class
 III 6 (66.7%)
 IV 3 (33.3%)
 Prior cardiac decompensation [No.] 9 (100%)
 Diabetes mellitus 6 (66.7%)
 Hypertension 7 (77.8%)
 Smoking 5 (55.6%)
 Atrial fibrillation 8 (88.9%)
 Hyperlipidemia 5 (55.6%)
 Prior cardiac surgery 1 (11.1%)
 Time since mitral clipping [median, days] 45
 Emergency surgery [No.] 2 (22.2%)
 Cardiogenic shock 1 (11.1%)
 Cardiac arrest with CPR 1 (11.1%)
Etiology of mitral regurgitation
 ischemic cardiomyopathy 3 (33.3%)
 Congenital mitral valve malformation 1 (11.1%)
 Dilated cardiomyopathy 2 (22.2%)
 Degenerative, ring dilatation 2 (22.2%)
 Degenerative, prolapse of anterior leaflet 1 (11.1%)
Numbers of implanted MitraClips [No.]
 1 5
 2 4
Ejection fraction [No.]
  < 30% 6
 30–50% 0
  > 50% 3
Coronary artery disease [No.] 8 (88.9%)
Prior PTCA ± stent 4 (44.4%)
Chronic renal failure 4 (44.4%)
Dialysis 0
History of myocardial infarction [No.] 5 (55.6%)
COPD 2 (22.2%)