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Table 1 Demographics and pre-operative patient characteristics

From: Aortic root surgery with the CARDIOROOT vascular graft: results of a prospective multicenter post-market surveillance study

Variable Mean ± standard deviation (SD) or n/m (%)
Demographic variables
 Age (years), mean ± SD 58 ± 14
 BMI (kg/m2) 26.6 ± 3.4
 Gender (male), n/m (%) 41/52 (79)
Pre-operative clinical data
 Dyslipidemia, n/m (%) 15/52 (29)
 Hypertension, n/m (%) 41/52 (79)
 Diabetes, n/m (%) 0/52 (0)
 Creatinine (mg/dl), mean ± SD 0.9 ± 0.2
 Previous cardiac surgery, n/m (%) 4/52 (8)
 New York Health Association, NYHA, functional status >II, n/m (%) 3/52 (6)
 Heart failure, n/m (%) 8/52 (15)
Pre-operative cardiac characteristics
 Ejection fraction (%), mean ± SD 60 ± 10
 Bicuspid aortic valve, n/m (%) 5/52 (10)
 Valve stenosis, n/m (%) 10/52 (19)
 Valve regurgitation ≥ II, n/m (%) 10/52 (19)