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Table 2 Primary and secondary outcomes in propensity-matched patients

From: Outcomes of early versus delayed initiation of extracorporeal life support in cardiac surgery

Variable Delayed ECMO
(n = 36)
Early ECMO
(n = 36)
P value
Primary outcomes (n, %)
 Death 25, 69.44% 15, 41.67% 0.03
Secondary outcomes (n, %)
 Thromboembolic disease 3, 8.33% 0 0.24
 CRRT 32, 88.89% 24, 66.67% 0.04
 ARDS 6, 16.67% 4, 11.11% 0.74
 Ventricular arrhythmia 5, 13.89% 2, 5.56% 0.43
 Femoral bleeding 12, 33.33% 9, 25% 0.60
 Gastrointestinal bleeding 7, 19.44% 4, 11.11% 0.51
 Limb ischaemia 7, 19.44% 3, 8.33% 0.31
 Pulmonary infection 31, 86.11% 20, 55.56% < 0.01
Other outcomes
 ECMO weaned (n, %) 11, 30.56% 23, 63.89% < 0.01
 MV time (survivor, d) 11(9–14) 9(7–12) 0.01
 ECMO duration (survivor, d) 7(4–10) 5(4–8) 0.03
 Length of ICU stay (survivor, d) 31(21–42) 16(13–54) 0.04
  1. ECMO Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ICU Intensive care unit, CRRT Continuous renal replacement therapy, ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome, MV Mechanical ventilation, Mean ± SD, Median (Interquartile Range)