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Table 3 Hemodynamic and related data in propensity-matched patients

From: Outcomes of early versus delayed initiation of extracorporeal life support in cardiac surgery

Variable Delayed ECMO
(n = 36)
Early ECMO
(n = 36)
P value
Arterial Lactate (mmol/L)    < 0.01
 Admission to ICU (T0) 6.5(5.6–8.1) 6.3(5.7–7.1) 0.62
 T12 6.8(6.0–9.0) 6.0(4.9–8.2) 0.03
 T24 7.3(6.1–9.5) 6.0(4.1–9.0) 0.02
 T48 7.8(4.9–12.6) 4.3(3.6–6.7) < 0.01
 T72 5.3(3.0–7.1) 3.3(2.7–4.3) 0.03
VIS (maximum)    0.03
 T0 52(48–58) 55(48–60) 0.42
 From T0 to T12 55(49–58) 55(49–60) 0.35
 From T12 to T24 57(50–60) 53(49–60) 0.13
 From T24 to T48 56(50–60) 45(40–53) < 0.01
 From T48 to T72 45(35–55) 35(28–45) < 0.01
CI (L/min·m2)    0.01
 T0 2.0 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.3 0.40
 T12 2.0 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.18 0.16
 T24 1.9 ± 0.2 2.1 ± 0.4 < 0.01
 T48 1.9 ± 0.4 2.2 ± 0.3 0.04
 T72 2.1 ± 0.4 2.4 ± 0.6 0.06
ECMO flow (ml/kg/min)    0.06
 T0 0 40.2 ± 8.4
 T12 37.3 ± 8.1 32.7 ± 6.1 0.02
 T24 36.1 ± 7.6 32.3 ± 6.7 0.03
 T48 35.3 ± 7.9 31.1 ± 4.2 0.02
 T72 33.5 ± 9.7 31.7 ± 8.7 0.49
Hemoglobin (g/L)    0.27
 T0 8.9 ± 1.2 9.4 ± 1.3 0.21
 T12 9.50 ± 1.5 9.6 ± 1.1 0.73
 T24 9.7 ± 1.4 9.5 ± 1.3 0.42
 T48 9.6 ± 1.2 9.8 ± 1.4 0.59
 T72 9.5 ± 1.3 9.9 ± 1.2 0.23
Indirect Bilirubin (μmol/L)    0.07
 T0 11.8(6.6–18.4) 10.2(6.3–17.2) 0.48
 T24 14.8(10.9–21.9) 12.6(9.9–18.5) 0.28
 T48 13.0(8.5–20.6) 12.5(5.3–17.9) 0.30
 T72 13.1(8.2–19.4) 8.4(5.0–16.2) 0.06
Time since ACC came off to the start of ECMO (minutes) 74(39–143) 29(23–32) < 0.01
  1. VIS Vasoactive-inotropic score, CI Cardiac index, ECMO Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ACC Aortic cross clamp, Mean ± SD, Median (Interquartile Range)