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Table 4 Primary and secondary outcomes in patients who failed in weaning off bypass

From: Outcomes of early versus delayed initiation of extracorporeal life support in cardiac surgery

Variable α group
(n = 27)
β group
(n = 31)
P value
Primary outcomes (n, %)
 Death 25, 92.59% 15, 48.39% < 0.01
Secondary outcomes (n, %)
 Thromboembolic disease 3, 11.11% 0 0.06
 CRRT 25, 92.59% 20, 64.52% 0.01
 ARDS 5, 18.52% 1, 3.23% 0.07
 Ventricular arrhythmia 5, 18.52% 1, 3.23% 0.07
 Femoral bleeding 7, 25.93% 9, 29.03% 0.79
 Gastrointestinal bleeding 6, 22.22% 4, 12.90% 0.34
 Limb ischaemia 6, 22.22% 3, 9.68% 0.19
 Pulmonary infection 23, 85.18% 18, 58.06% 0.02
  1. ECMO Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome, CRRT Continuous renal replacement therapy, Mean ± SD, Median (Interquartile Range), α: Three attempts to wean off bypass failed, β: Once failed in weaning off bypass