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Table 3 Post-operative complications comparison among three groups

From: Transcatheter and intraoperative device closure and surgical repair for atrial septal defect

Item Group A Group B Group C P
Significant Residual shunt 0 0 0  
Pulmonary infection 0 2 5 0.001
Surgical wound bad healing 0 1 2  
Pneumothorax 0 1 0  
Thoracic deformity 0 0 1  
Pericardial effusion 0 0 0  
Pleural effusion 0 1 0  
Transient Arrhythmia 11 5 3 0.776
Device embolization 1 0 /  
Hematoma at access site 0 0 0