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Table 2 Complications and histological results

From: Computed tomography-guided preoperative semi-rigid hook-wire localization of small pulmonary nodules: 74 cases report

Type of complication Number of procedure
Asymptomatic pneumothorax 1 (1.25%)
Parenchymal bleeding 1 (1.25%)
Dislodgement 2 (2.5%)
Conversion to thoracotomy(rate) 0 (0%)
Mean procedure time(minutes) 10 (8–13)
Histological findings
 Malignant lesion 46 (56.8%)
  Micro invasive or invasive Adenocarcinoma 20 + 4 (29.6%)
  Carcinoma in situ 22 (27.2%)
AAH 8 (9.9%)
 Benign lesion 27 (33.3%)
  Lymph node hyperplasia 5 (6.2%)
  Granuloma 5 (6.2%)
  Fibrosis of lung tissue hyperplasia 9 (11.1%)
  Pulmonary fungus 2 (2.5%)
  Collagen nodules 4 (4.9%)
  Interstitial pneumonia 1 (1.2%)
  Bronchial leiomyoma hyperplasia 1 (1.2%)