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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of the participants

From: Health-related quality of life in adults undergoing transthoracic device closure of ventricular septal defect

Item   Case group Control group P
Age (years) 18–30 35 (43.8%) 32 (40.0%) 0.823
31–50 37 (46.2%) 38 (47.5%)
> 50 8 (10.0%) 10 (12.5%)
gender Male 48 (60.0%) 44 (55.0%) 0.764
Female 32 (40.0%) 36 (45.0%)
Marital status married 50 (62.5%) 55 (68.8%) 0.852
Unmarried 30 (37.5%) 25 (31.2%)
Education Junior high school or lower 15 (18.8%) 14 (17.5%) 0.926
High school 40 (50.0%) 34 (42.5%)
bachelor’s degree or higher 25 (31.2%) 32 (40.0%)
Height (cm)   170.3 ± 10.4 168.8 ± 11.2 0.873
Body mass (kg)   67.2 ± 10.8 64.8 ± 9.5 0.931
Heart rate   81 ± 14.1 78 ± 13.2 0.852
LVEF (%)   53.5 ± 5.2 65 ± 4.0 0.756
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or percentage
  2. LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction