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Table 1 Preoperative clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of the study patients

From: Long-term outcomes and predictors of recurrent aortic regurgitation after aortic valve-sparing and reconstructive cusp surgery: a single centre experience

CharacteristicsValue
Age (years)
Gender (male/female) BSA
50.8 ± 15.2
74 (91.3)/7 (8.6) 2.0 ± 0.2
NYHA class
 I/II
 III
 IV
46 (56.7)
33 (40.7)
2 (2.4)
Comorbidities
 AH
 CAD
 AF
 MI
 DM
57 (70.3)
24 (29.6)
13 (16)
2 (2.4)
2 (2.4)
Morphology
 BAV
 BAV type 1
28 (34.5)
21 (75)
Left ventricle
 LV EDDi (mm/BSA)
 LV EF (%)
28.6 ± 5.1
51.1 ± 8.1
Aortic root dimensions
 AVJ diameter (mm)
 Sinuses diameter (mm)
 STJ diameter (mm)
 Asc Ao diameter (mm)
28.5 ± 3.2
49.0 ± 7.7
44.0 ± 7.8
48.2 ± 9.6
AR grade
 0–1+
 2+
 ≥ 3+
4 (4.9)
7 (8.6)
70 (86.4)
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD or numbers (percentages)
  2. AF atrial fibrillation, AH arterial hypertension, AR aortic valve regurgitation, AscAo ascending aorta, AVJ aortoventricular junction, BAV bicuspid aortic valve, BSA body surface area, CAD coronary artery disease, DM diabetus mellitus, LV EDDi left ventricle end diastolic diameter index, LV EF left ventricle ejection fraction, MI myocardial infarction, NYHA New York Heart Association functional classification, STJ sinotubular junction