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Table 1 Preoperative and intraoperative patient characteristics

From: Intraoperative post-annuloplasty three-dimensional valve analysis does not predict recurrent ischemic mitral regurgitation

Variablea Normal Non-recurrent Recurrent
(n = 21) IMR (n = 26) IMR (n = 9)
Age, years 66.1 ± 14.4 67.5 ± 9.7 65.9 ± 6.0
Female 8 (38) 8 (31) 3 (33)
Body mass index, kg/m2 32.2 ± 8.0 28.4 ± 4.3 28.2 ± 4.2
Medical history
 Hypertension 11 (52) 19 (73) 7 (78)
 Diabetes 6 (29) 12 (46) 4 (44)
 Renal insufficiency 3 (14) 6 (23) 1 (11)
 Atrial fibrillation 2 (10) 11 (42) 3 (33)
 Stroke 2 (10) 2 (8) 1 (11)
 Previous PCI 3 (14) 7 (27) 4 (44)
 Previous CABG 2 (10) 3 (12) 4 (44)
NYHA class, 1-4 scale 2.4 ± 0.8 2.3 ± 1.0 2.8 ± 0.4
IMR grade, 0-4 scale 0.3 ± 0.5 3.0 ± 0.7c 3.0 ± 0.8d
Inferior wall motion abnormality 0 (0) 23 (88) 9 (100)
Left ventricular
 End-diastolic diameter, cm 4.7 ± 0.8 5.7 ± 0.9c 6.1 ± 0.9d
 End-systolic diameter, cm 3.2 ± 0.8 4.6 ± 1.0c 5.1 ± 1.4d
 Ejection fraction, % 65.2 ± 10.1 36.0 ± 15.7c 31.9 ± 11.6d
Annuloplasty ring
 Profile 3D ringe 12 (46) 8 (89)
 CE Physio II ringf 7 (27) 1 (11)
 CG Future bande 6 (23) 0 (0)
 St. Jude tailor flexible ringg 1 (4) 0 (0)
Ring size, mm 28.9 ± 1.7 28.7 ± 1.4
Concomitant procedures
 CABG 6 (29) 20 (77)c 6 (67)
 Aortic valve replacement 14 (67) 2 (8)c 0 (0)d
 Tricuspid valve repair 0 (0) 1 (4) 1 (11)
 Atrial maze 0 (0) 5 (19) 0 (0)
 Atrial septal defect closure 1 (5) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  1. 3D three-dimensional, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, IMR ischemic mitral regurgitation, NYHA New York Heart Association, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
  2. aData are presented as mean±standard deviation or number (%)
  3. bP < 0.05 recurrent vs non-recurrent
  4. cP < 0.05 non-recurrent vs normal
  5. dP < 0.05 recurrent vs normal
  6. eMedtronic, Minneapolis, MN
  7. fCarpentier-Edwards, Irvine, CA
  8. gSt. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN