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Table 2 Comparison of preoperative factors in pulmonary arterial hypertension group and non-pulmonary arterial hypertension group before and at 6 months after ASD closure

From: Normalization of the right heart and the preoperative factors that influence the emergence PAH after surgical closure of atrial septal defect

Preoperative factorsBefore Surgeryp6 Months After Surgical Closurep
Pulmonary Hypertension (N = 30)Non-PAH (N = 15)Pulmonary Hypertension (N = 29)Non-PAH (N = 16)
Age (years)36.12 ± 11.1131.14 ± 5.910.04935.32 ± 10.3732.57 ± 8.740.144
BMI (kg/m2)19.67 ± 4.2518.28 ± 3.200.19419.27 ± 3.8319.00 ± 4.230.621
EF (%)68.95 ± 8.7469.07 ± 5.780.80469.19 ± 8.5468.64 ± 6.290.946
TRV (m/s)*3.28 (0.53–4.30)2.74 (1.47–3.89)0.0573.27 (0.53–4.30)3.00 (0.59–4.30)0.551
TAPSE (mm)27.36 ± 6.0526.78 ± 4.640.68227.40 ± 5.8226.71 ± 5.150.994
RA Dimension (mm)50.04 ± 6.4947.35 ± 6.030.18049.32 ± 6.7348.64 ± 5.910.640
RV Dimension (mm)45.80 ± 7.3843.57 ± 9.520.10945.44 ± 7.4244.21 ± 9.580.379
mPAP (mmHg)35.84 ± 10.4015.84 ± 5.320.000**31.23 ± 12.7024.07 ± 13.080.019**
RA Pressure (mmHg)*8 (3–15)8 (3–8)0.5498 (3–15)8 (3–8)0.916
LA dimension (mm)34.12 ± 9.1933.28 ± 4.030.44034.92 ± 8.3731.85 ± 6.060.171
Size of ASD (mm)26.52 ± 8.4727.14 ± 10.480.94128.88 ± 7.7322.93 ± 10.380.050
  1. * = non parametric; ** = Significant difference; BMI = Body Mass Index; mPAP = Mean Pulmonary Arterial Pressure; EF = Ejection Fraction; RA = Right Atrium; RV = Right Ventricle; TRV = Tricuspid Regurgitation Velocity; TAPSE = Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion; LA = Left Atrium; ASD = Atrial Septal Defect