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Table 2 Traditional Y-Graft techniques vs Modified Y-Graft techniques utilizing Femoral artery bypass (FAB)

From: Short-term outcomes of modified Y-graft technique in acute type a aortic dissection using the femoral artery bypass and one minute systemic circulatory arrest technique

VariatesTraditional Y-Graft techniquesModified Y-Graft techniques utilizing Femoral artery bypass (n = 23)
Operative variables
 Perfusion and ischemic times, minutes
  Cardiopulmonary bypass141 (118–183) [1]236 (200–290)
236.2 ± 52.5 [7] 
239 ± 53.1 [8] 
279 ± 82 [9] 
273 ± 79 [10] 
  Systemic circulatory arrest65 (51–84) [1]20.6 ± 6.9
31.2 ± 6.6 [7] 
78 ± 34 [9] 
69 ± 22 [10] 
  Aortic clamp53.9 ± 41.1 [1]105 ± 25.7
144 ± 55 [9] 
163 ± 54 [10] 
  Cerebral circulatory arrest00
 Lowest nasopharyngeal/rectal temperature, °C22.0 °C (19.1–23.7) [1]28 °C
12.8 ± 2.2 °C (9.9–19.8) [7] 
15.8 ± 2.1 °C (12.0–22.1) [8] 
24.0 ± 2.2 °C [9] 
16–20 °C [11] 
23 °C [10] 
 Concomitant aortic valve replacement40% [1](n = 8)34.8%
2.8% [7] 
 Concomitant coronary artery bypass9% [1](n = 3)13.0%
2.8% [7] 
Outcomes
 Operative mortality2% [1](n = 2)8.7%
4.6% [7] 
4.7% [8] 
4.9% [9] 
6.8% [12] 
2% [13] 
6.8% [11] 
6.8% [10] 
 Neurologic dysfunction5% [1](n = 3)13.0%
9.4% [8] 
9.8% [9] 
14% [14] 
5% [13] 
9.1% [11] 
 Respiratory support>2 days 20–51% [10]>2 days (n = 15) 65.2%
>5 days 5–30% [10]>5 days (n = 8)34.8%
 Acute renal failure11% [1](n = 5)21.7%
3.7% [7] 
6% [8] 
13.1% [9] 
5.4% [11] 
  1. Data are reported as mean ± SD, median (interquartile range), or number (%). The superscript numbers are the sequence number of references