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Table 3 Causative pathogens and acquisition of infective endocarditis

From: Infective endocarditis at a tertiary-care hospital in China

Causative pathogenTotal (n = 381)Community acquired (n = 333)Non-nosocomial I (n = 25)Nosocomial (n = 23)P
Gram-positive bacteria
 Viridans group streptococci143 (37.5%)134 (40.2%)8 (32%)1 (4.3%)0.002
Staphylococcus aureus30 (7.9%)21 (6.3%)5 (20%)4 (17.3%)0.011
  MRSA10 (2.6%)8 (2.4%)1 (4%)1 (4.3%)0.772
  MSSA20 (5.2%)13 (3.9%)4 (16%)3 (13.0%)0.007
 CNS12 (3.1%)8 (2.4%)2 (8%)2 (8.7%)0.088
Enterococcus faecalis11 (2.9%)8 (2.4%)3 (12%)0 (0%)0.015
Streptococcus bovis6 (1.6%)6 (1.8%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0.644
 Other16 (4.2%)14 (4.2%)2 (8%)0 (0%)0.386
Gram-negative rods21 (5.5%)16 (4.8%)0 (0%)5 (21.7%)0.001
HAECK12 (3.1%)11 (3.3%)0 (0%)1 (4.3%)0.623
Rickettsia4 (1.0%)4 (1.2%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0.747
TB1 (0.26%)1 (0.3%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0.930
Fungi6 (1.6%)3 (0.9%)1 (4%)2 (8.7%)0.009
Others12 (3.1%)12 (3.6%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0.409
Polymicrobial10 (2.6%)7 (2.1%)2 (8%)1 (4.3%)0.178
Culture negative97 (25.5%)88 (26.4%)2 (8%)7 (30.4%)0.106